Exploring Small-Scale Broiler Farming Practices and Vaccine Adherence: A Study in Aguata, Nigeria

Clement O. Attamah, Ugochukwu C. Ezeibe, David J. Okoronkwo


The study ascertained the production practices of small-scale broiler farmers in Aguata Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria. A multistage sampling procedure was adopted for the random selection of 80 farmers using a structured interview schedule. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics. The result reveals that 87.5% of the farmers adopted a deep litter housing system, and 98.75% ensured their poultry houses were sited in well-drained soil and properly ventilated pens. About 93% and 98% of the farmers had brooding and finishing houses separately on their farms and ensured adequate lighting and heat in their brooding houses, respectively. The result shows that 100% and 93.75% of the respondents administered antibiotics and multivitamins at the early stage of day-old chicks and adhered to the Gumboro and Lasota vaccine schedules, respectively, while only 1.25% of the farmers provided a footbath at the entry of their poultry house. All the farmers used broiler starters and finishers in feeding their birds, and the mean weekly duration of broiler starter and finisher feeding was 4.09 and 4.28 weeks, respectively, while 98.75% ensured to always provide water for their birds. The study concluded that the use of recommended production practices was high to some extent among farmers. Hence, the level of information on broiler production practices should be increased by the government extension service unit to enable farmers to keep abreast of current and necessary information on broiler production.


Doi: 10.28991/SciMedJ-2023-05-01-03

Full Text: PDF


Poultry Production Practices; Small-scale Broiler Farming; Bio-Security Measures and Vaccination in Poultry; Poultry Production in Nigeria.


Olaoye, S.A., Adekoya, A.A., Abiola,T. & Opara, R. (2021). Agricultural Finance and Economic Growth. In The 21st Century- Nigeria Perspective and Matter for Policy Consideration. Revista de Educación (Madrid), 392(6), 27-42.

Sahel Capital. (2015). An Assessment of the Nigerian Poultry Sector. Sahel Capital (Mauritius) Limited, Port Louis, Mauritius. Available online: https://sahelcapital.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Sahel-Newsletter-Volume-11-An-Assessment-of-the-Nigerian-Poultry-Sector.pdf (accessed on February 2023).

FAO. (2019). The Future of Livestock in Nigeria: Opportunities and Challenges in the Face of Uncertainty. Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), Rome, Italy. Available online: https://reliefweb.int/report/nigeria/future-livestock-nigeria-opportunities-and-challenges-face-uncertainty (accessed on January 2023).

World Bank (2017). Nigeria-Livestock Productivity and Resilience Support Project Resettlement Plan: Resettlement Policy Framework (English). The World Bank, Washington, United States.

Ebukiba, S. E., & Anthony, L. (2019). Economic Analysis of Cat Fish (Clarias gariepenus) Production in Karu Local Government Area, Nassarawa State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 12(3), 41-48.

Onyeneke, R. U., Emenekwe, C. C., Chidiebere-Mark, N. M., Munonye, J. O., Aligbe, J. O., Kanu, C., Izuogu, C. U., Njoku, C. L., Uwazie, U. I., Uwadoka, C. O., & Azuamairo, G. C. (2020). Impact of poultry farmers’ participation in modern food retail markets on household dietary diversity: Lessons from southeast Nigeria. Animals, 10(4), 611. doi:10.3390/ani10040611.

FAO. (2018). Africa Sustainable Livestock 2050 Livestock and livelihoods spotlight-Nigeria. Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), Rome, Italy.

Bello, K. (2016). Training manual on poultry (broiler) production and management. Broiler Chicken Production and Management. Institute of Food Security, Environmental Resource and Agricultural Research, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. Available online: https://pdf4pro.com/cdn/training-manual-on-poultry-broiler-production-6de4ca.pdf (accessed on February 2023).

FAO. (2023). Statistics: Food and Agricultural Organisation. Rome, Italy. Available online: http://www.fao.org/statistics/en/ (accessed on February 2023).

Mgbenka, R. N., Mbah, E. N., & Ezeano, C. I. (2016). A review of smallholder farming in Nigeria: Need for transformation. International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies, 3(2), 43-54.

Nwankwo, E. C., Chiekezie, N. R., & Offiah, E. O. (2021). Agripreneurship development among small-scale farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 13(4), 273-279.

Chiekezie, N. R., Nwankwo, E. C., & Ozor, M. U. (2022). Analysis of Small Scale Broiler Poultry Production in South East Nigeria, West Africa. International Journal of Animal Health and Livestock Production Research, 6(1), 1–16. doi:10.37745/ijahlpr.15/vol6n1116.

Chiekezie, N. R., Ozor, M. U. & Isibor, C. A. (2021). Economic analysis of layers poultry production in Anambra State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research, 9(3), 129-137.

Olugbenga, B. A., & Nike, O. I. (2015). Economic appraisal of small and medium scale poultry egg production in Ife and Ilesha Metropolis, Osun State, Nigeria. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 3(7), 562-565. doi:10.24925/turjaf.v3i7.562-565.337.

Suwarta, S., & Hanafie, R. (2018). The influence of business management on income and the risk of income in the broiler chicken farming. Journal of Socioeconomics and Development, 1(1), 25-31. doi:10.31328/jsed.v1i1.520.

Egwuma H., Muhammed A. E., Ojeleye O. A., Oladimeji Y. U., & Hassan A. A. (2019). Adoption of recommended broiler management practices among women farmers in Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State. Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Extension, 19(4).

Epp, M. (2021). Ensuring Water Quality in Poultry Production. Popultry World, Doetinchem, Netherlands. Available online: https://www.poultryworld.net/health-nutrition/health/ensuring-water-quality-in-poultry-production/ (accessed on Jan. 2023).

Samkange, A., Mushonga, B., Kandiwa, E., Ndamonako, J., Mbiri, P., Gorejena, B., & Madzingira, O. (2020). Assessment of Normal Mortalities, Biosecurity, and Welfare of Lohmann Brown Layers at a Farm in Central Namibia. International Journal of Poultry Science, 19(11), 503–512. doi:10.3923/ijps.2020.503.512.

Adriano, J., & Djamessi, F. (2017). Climate stress cuts poultry production. SciDev.Net, Wallingford, U.K. Available online: https://www.scidev.net/asia-pacific/livestock/news/climate-stress-cuts-poultry-production.html (accessed on February 2023).

Hamilton, J., Negnevitsky, M., & Wang, X. (2016). Thermal analysis of a single-story livestock barn. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 8(4), 168781401664345. doi:10.1177/1687814016643456.

Ajewole, O. C., & Akinwumi, A. A. (2014). Awareness and practice of biosecurity measures in small-scale poultry production in Ekiti State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS), 7(11), 24-29. doi:10.9790/2380-071112429.

Hassan, A. M., Garba, M. S., & Durodola, O. S. (2017). Causes of vaccination failures among poultry farms in Kano metropolis, Kano State, Nigeria. Fudma-Journal of Agriculture and Agriculture Technology, 3(1), 104–110.

Artib Farm. (2018). Medication and Vaccination Schedule for Boiler. Artib Farm, Oko Erin, Nigeria. Available online: https://artibfarm.blogspot.com/2018/06/medication-and-vaccination-time-table.html?m=1 (accessed on February 2023).

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/SciMedJ-2023-05-01-03


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Clement Okechukwu Attamah