Serum Soluble Transferrin Receptor and Transferrin Levels among Regular Blood Donors

Samuel K. Appiah, Simon B. Bani, Charles Nkansah, Kofi Mensah, Gabriel Abbam, Felix Osei-Boakye, Samira Daud, Charles A. Derigubah, Christopher Nkrumah, Dorcas Serwaa, Vincent Kawuribi, Deborah E. Nkansah, Benjamin O. Opoku, Catherine A. Avero, Yeduah Quansah, Candy A. E. Wilson, Felix E. Chukwurah


Background: The study evaluated the effects of regular blood donation on serum transferrin and soluble transferrin receptor levels at Wenchi Methodist Hospital. Methods: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted at the Medical Laboratory Department of the Wenchi Methodist Hospital in the Bono Region of Ghana. A total of eighty-nine (89) venous blood samples from apparently healthy blood donors were analyzed. Complete blood count parameters were analyzed using an automated haematology analyzer and serum transferrin and transferrin receptor using ELISA. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0. Results: Haemoglobin (p<0.001) and HCT (p=0.004) were significantly lower among the regular blood donors compared with the first-time donors. Regular blood donors had relatively higher serum transferrin (p<0.001) and soluble transferrin receptor levels (p<0.001). A negative correlation was observed between Hb and serum transferrin (r=-0.552, p<0.001), as well as Hb and serum soluble transferrin receptor (r=-0.552, p<0.001). Remunerated donors had lower Hb (p=0.001) and HCT% (p=0.001) but a higher transferrin receptor (p=0.041) than non-remunerated donors. Conclusion: Regular blood donors had relatively lower erythrocyte parameters but higher serum transferrin and soluble transferrin receptors, indicating a possible reduction in serum iron and iron stores. Moderate negative correlations exist between Hb and both transferrin and soluble transferrin receptors. Again, remunerated donors had lower erythrocyte parameters but higher transferrin and soluble transferrin receptors than non-remunerated donors. Periodic assessment of iron parameters among regular blood donors is recommended. A future longitudinal study to assess the entire iron profile of regular blood donors is recommended.


Doi: 10.28991/SciMedJ-2022-04-03-01

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Regular Blood Donors; Serum Transferrin; Serum Soluble Transferrin Receptors; ELISA.


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DOI: 10.28991/SciMedJ-2022-04-03-01


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Copyright (c) 2023 Samuel Kwasi Appiah, Simon Bannison Bani, Charles Nkansah, Kofi Mensah, Gabriel Abbam, Felix Osei-Boakye, Samira Daud, Charles Angnataa Derigubah, Christopher Nkrumah, Dorcas Serwaa, Vincent Kawuribi, Deborah Essilfie Nkansah, Benjamin Owusu Opoku, Catherine A. Avero, Yeduah Quansah, Candy A. E. Wilson, Felix Ejike Chukwurah